1. Which of these African American scholars lived in Washington, D.C.’s historic LeDroit Park community? A) Anna Julia Hayward Cooper, B) Dorothy Boulding Ferebee, C) E. Franklin Frazier, D) Ernest Everett Just Residence, or E) All of the Aforementioned.
[bg_collapse view=”link” color=”#4a4949″ expand_text=”Answer” collapse_text=”- Collapse” ]E. All of the Aforementioned. LeDroit Park is a historic neighborhood in Washington, D.C., located to the southeast of Howard University and west of Bloomingdale. The neighborhood was founded in 1873 by businessman Amzi Barber, who originally developed and marketed it as a “romantic” (and exclusively white) neighborhood. From approximately the turn of the century, and into the 1940s, the area gained prominence as a haven for African-American intellectuals and professionals, including Howard University scholars, Cooper, Ferebee, Frazier, and Just.[/bg_collapse]
2. Carter G. Woodson initially chose the February to celebrate the heritage of Africans in America through the observance Negro History Week, later Black History Month. Why did he select the month of February? A) It included Valentine’s Day, B) Advisors warned it would be better accepted by whites as it had fewer days, C) the celebration could also pay respect to Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass – both of whom had birthdays in February; or D) It was a random decision.
[bg_collapse view=”link” color=”#4a4949″ expand_text=”Answer” collapse_text=”- Collapse” ]C. Carter G. Woodson chose February for Negro History Week, according to the Zinn Education Project and historian, Daryl Michael Scott, because it encompassed the birthdays of two great Americans who played a prominent role in shaping Black history, namely Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass, whose birthdays are the 12th and the 14th, respectively.[/bg_collapse]
3. What D.C. neighborhood, bordering Georgetown, also served as an African American enclave from the 1860s-1970s before being gentrified? A) Foggy Bottom / West End, B) Glover Park, C) Tenley or D) Dupont Circle.
[bg_collapse view=”link” color=”#4a4949″ expand_text=”Answer” collapse_text=”- Collapse” ]A. Foggy Bottom / West End. Beginning as a small town on the banks of the Potomac, Foggy Bottom and the West End grew into the capitals industrial center at the head of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. It was marked by factories, gasworks and breweries, mostly manned by Black workers. This area was home to working-class African Americans, who boasted (according to celebrated journalist and former resident Colbert King), more corner churches per square mile than any other part of town, two morticians, the Mott Theater, and the schools, Stevens Elementary and Francis Junior High schools.[/bg_collapse]
4. What was the name of the D.C.-grown music doo-wop group with which Marvin Gaye performed in the mid-1950s? A) The Moonglows, B) The Rainbows, C) The Senators, or D) The Rockets
[bg_collapse view=”link” color=”#4a4949″ expand_text=”Answer” collapse_text=”- Collapse” ]B. The Rainbows. Gaye dropped out of high school to join the Air Force but was discharged for his inability to follow instruction. He then began singing on the street corners with the doo-wop group called The Rainbows in 1955.[/bg_collapse]
5. What native Washingtonian became D.C.’s first African-American police chief in 1978? A) Maurice T. Turner, Jr., B) Isaac Fulwood, C) Burtell M. Jefferson, or D) Fred Thomas
[bg_collapse view=”link” color=”#4a4949″ expand_text=”Answer” collapse_text=”- Collapse” ]C. Burtell M. Jefferson, who is a native Washingtonian and U.S Army veteran, joined the Metropolitan Police department in 1948, when only a handful of Black officers were on the job. The department was still segregated in some fashion then, with patrol car assignments and desirable beats being given to white officers, while Black officers were relegated to certain beats and areas. He was promoted to Lieutenant in 1968, and by 1974, he was as Assistant Chief in Charge of the Field Operations Bureau. Assistant Chief Jefferson was among a small number of blacks who had made their way to the top echelons of the Police Department and in 1978, he became the first African American to be named Chief of Police.[/bg_collapse]
6. In what year did the migration of African Americans from the South to Washington, D.C., reportedly tip their percentages to majority status, and lead to the informal use of the term “Chocolate City?” A) 1918, B) 1930, C) 1955, D) 1957 or E) None of the Aforementioned
[bg_collapse view=”link” color=”#4a4949″ expand_text=”Answer” collapse_text=”- Collapse” ]D. 1957. According to historian Marya McQuirter, in a WAMU interview, “The 1940s and 1950s is when you get the largest percentage of African Americans coming to the city, and in 1957 is when African Americans were a majority in this city and became the first Black majority big city in the country.”[/bg_collapse]
7. In 1977, which native Washingtonian was named the first female chair of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission? A) Eleanor Holmes Norton, B) Donna Brazile, C) Sharon Pratt, or D) Dorothy Height
[bg_collapse view=”link” color=”#4a4949″ expand_text=”Answer” collapse_text=”- Collapse” ]A – Eleanor Holmes Norton was the first woman appointed Chairman of the Commission by President Jimmy Carter, who nominated her on May 16, 1977. She was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on May 27 and served as Chair of the EEOC until February 21, 1981. As chairwoman of the EEOC, Norton instituted several new systems aimed at reducing the agency’s backlog of older cases, streamlining procedures for processing new cases and effectively processing Commission initiated charges against employers who show patterns of discrimination against minorities and women.[/bg_collapse]