Retired Gen. Lloyd Austin will run the U.S. Department of Defense.
On Friday, the Senate confirmed President Joe Biden’s defense secretary pick, making Austin the first African American to serve in that role.
“I pledge to fight hard to rid our ranks of racists and extremists,” Austin pronounced during his confirmation hearings.
He also pledged to overturn several discriminatory bans on military service put in place by the previous administration.
The confirmation vote cleared by a 93-2 margin. Sens. Mike Lee (R-Utah) and Josh Hawley (R-Missouri) were the lone dissenters.
One day prior, the House approved a waiver to allow for Austin’s confirmation.
The decorated veteran required a congressional waiver to confirm the civilian post because he retired from active-duty service only four years ago. Federal law requires seven years of retirement from active duty before taking on the role.
President Biden and others had previously pointed to the congressional waiver received in 2017 by Retired Marine Gen. James Mattis, who served as defense secretary in the previous administration.
“The law that we keep waiving actually exists for a good reason,” remarked Sen. Minority Leader McConnell (R-Kentucky). “Civilian control of the military is a fundamental principle of our republic. We emphatically do not want high-ranking military service to become a tacit prerequisite for civilian leadership posts over the Department of Defense.”
Austin’s confirmation cements him as one of the most prominent members of President Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris’ Cabinet.
The secretary of defense controls the country’s largest government agency, commanding troops worldwide and the Pentagon’s internal workings.
The confirmation also keeps with Biden’s promise to have a staff and cabinet that reflects America’s diversity.
“I know firsthand from our time together on the [United Technologies] board that General Austin will be a wonderful choice for Secretary of Defense,” former New Jersey Gov. Christine Todd Whitman tweeted.
The decorated 67-year-old has accumulated many awards and decorations, including five Defense Distinguished Service Medals, the country’s highest noncombat-related military honor, three Distinguished Service Medals, the Silver Star, the nation’s third-highest award for valor in combat, and two Legions of Merit.
According to a biography on carnegie.org, Austin began his career in the U.S. Army in 1975 as second lieutenant in the infantry and rose through the ranks to command troops in combat at the 1-, 2-, 3- and 4-star levels. He served in numerous command and staff positions in the U.S. and around the world, including Operation Safe Haven in Panama with the 82nd Airborne Division; Operation Iraqi Freedom, spearheading Iraq’s 2003 invasion as the assistant division commander for the 3rd Infantry Division; and Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan as the commander of the 10th Mountain Division (Light).
In 2008, Austin returned to Iraq as the commanding general of the Multi-National Corps-Iraq during the period when the surge forces were drawing down under Operation Iraqi Freedom.
In 2009, he was named director of the Joint Staff at the Pentagon. Following that assignment, Austin served another tour in Iraq as the commanding general of United States Forces-Iraq, responsible for the transition of all U.S. and Coalition military forces and equipment out of the country by the December 2011 deadline.
In 2012, Austin served as the 33rd vice chief of staff of the Army, culminating his military career as the 12th commander of U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) from 2013 to 2016.
As CENTCOM commander, he was responsible for military strategy and joint operations throughout the Middle East and Central and South Asia. He was also the architect and oversaw the military campaign’s execution to defeat the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
He retired from the military on May 1, 2016.