1868 – Henry Hugh Proctor, a minister, author and lecturer who formed the basis for the Atlanta Music Festival, is born outside Fayetteville, Tenn.
1925 – Famed singer and entertainer Sammy Davis Jr. is born in New York City.
1872 – Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback becomes the governor of Louisiana, the first African-American to serve as governor of a U.S. state.
1922 – Comic legend Redd Foxx is born in St. Louis.
1972 – Ralph Bunche, the first African-American to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, dies in New York City at 68.
1963 – The East African territory of Zanzibar gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
1964 – Civil rights icon Martin Luther King receives the Nobel Peace Prize.
1967 – Soul singer Otis Redding dies in a plane crash near Madison, Wisconsin, along with four members of the Bar-Kays. Redding was 26.
2005 – Seminal comedian Richard Pryor dies in Los Angeles at 65 after a longtime battle with multiple sclerosis.
1926 – R&B singer/songwriter Big Mama Thornton of “Hound Dog” fame is born in Ariton, Alabama.
1938 – Jazz pianist McCoy Tyner is born in Philadelphia.
1964 – Soul singer Sam Cooke is fatally shot by a motel manager in Los Angeles. He was 33.
1899 – George Grant patents an improved golf tee.
1940 – Grammy-winning singer Dionne Warwick is born in East Orange, New Jersey.
1963 – East African country Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
1975 – The National Association of Black Journalists is founded in Washington, D.C.
1995 – Willie Brown wins a runoff election to become the first black mayor of San Francisco.
1916 – Pro boxer Archie Moore, the longest-reigning world light heavyweight champion of all time, is born in Benoit, Mississippi.
1967 – Academy Award-winning actor and comedian Jamie Foxx is born in Terrell, Texas.
1945 – Writer and music critic Stanley Crouch is born in Los Angeles.
1963 – Jazz singer Dinah Washington dies in Detroit at 39 of an accidental overdose on sleeping pills.