Nov. 24
1775 – The Continental Congress of the United States issues the order to bar blacks from the army.
1868 – Famed composer and pianist Scott Joplin, the “King of Ragtime,” is born in Northeast Texas.
1870Robert Sengstacke Abbott, founder of the black-owned Chicago Defender newspaper, is born in Chicago.

Nov. 25
1949 – Famed tap dancer Bill “Bojangles” Robinson dies of heart failure in New York City at 71.
1955 – The Interstate Commerce Commission bans racial segregation on interstate buses, train lines and in waiting rooms.
1975 – South American nation Suriname gains its independence from the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Nov. 26
1883 – Famed abolitionist, author and human rights activist Sojourner Truth dies in her Battle Creek, Michigan, home at age 86.
1895 – The National Negro Medical Association is founded.
1907Rudolph Dunbar, the first black man to conduct the London Philharmonic Orchestra, is born in Nabacalis, British Guiana.
1939 – Music icon Tina Turner is born in Nutbush, Tennessee.

Nov. 27
1928Marjorie Joyner is issued a patent for a hair wave machine.
1942 – Rock legend and guitar virtuoso Jimi Hendrix is born in Seattle.

Nov. 28
1929Berry Gordy, record producer and songwriter best known as the founder of the Motown record label and its subsidiaries, is born in Detroit.
1960 – North African nation Mauritania gains its independence from France.
1960 – Author Richard Wright, whose best-known works include “Native Son” and “Black Boy,” dies of a heart attack in Paris at 52.
1961Ernie Davis, a halfback at Syracuse University, becomes the first black Heisman Trophy winner.

Nov. 29
1908 – Politician Adam Clayton Powell Jr., New York’s first black congressman, is born in New Haven, Connecticut.
1919Pearl Primus, noted 20th-century choreographer, dancer and anthropologist, is born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.

Nov. 30
1875Alexander P. Ashbourne patents an improved biscuit cutter.
1897 – Inventor J.A. Sweeting patents a cigarette-rolling device.
1912 – Famed photographer and film director Gordon Parks is born in Fort Scott, Kansas.
1924Shirley Chisholm, the first African-American woman elected to the U.S. Congress and the first black major-party candidate for president, is born in New York City.
1966 – The Caribbean nation of Barbados gains its independence from the United Kingdom.

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