John Willis Menard of Louisiana becomes the first black man ever elected to the U.S. House of Representatives
John Willis Menard of Louisiana becomes the first black man ever elected to the U.S. House of Representatives

Nov. 3

1868John Willis Menard of Louisiana becomes the first black man ever elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, though a challenge of the electoral results by his defeated foe prevents him from taking office.
1896J.H. Hunter, an African-American inventor, patents the portable weighing scale.
1992Carol Moseley Braun of Illinois becomes the first African-American woman to be elected to the United States Senate.

Nov. 4

1844Cathay Williams, the only known female Buffalo Soldier, is born in Independence, Missouri.
1879 – Inventor Thomas Elkins patents an improved refrigerator design.
1954Hulan Jack is elected borough president of Manhattan in New York City, becoming the highest ranking African-American municipal official at the time.
1969 – Entertainment and business mogul Sean “Diddy” Combs is born in Harlem, New York.
2008Barack Obama defeats John McCain to become the first black president of the United States.

Nov. 5

1968Shirley Chisholm becomes the first Black woman elected to Congress, representing the 12th District in New York City.
1974George Brown and Mervyn Dymally are elected lieutenant governors of Colorado and California, respectively, becoming the first two blacks in the nation to hold the position.
2010 – Famed opera singer Shirley Verrett dies in Ann Arbor, Michigan, of heart failure at 79.

Nov. 6

1880George Poage, the first African-American to win a medal in the Olympic Games, is born in Hannibal, Missouri.
1973Coleman A. Young is elected as Detroit’s first black mayor.

Nov. 7

1837Elijah Lovejoy, abolitionist and newspaper editor, is killed by a pro-slavery mob in Alton, Illinois, out to destroy his press and abolitionist materials.
1967Carl Stokes is elected as mayor of Cleveland, becoming the the first black elected mayor of a major U.S. city.
1989David Dinkins is elected as New York City’s first black mayor.
1989L. Douglas Wilder is elected as governor of Virginia, becoming the nation’s first elected black governor.

Nov. 8

1938Crystal Bird Fauset is elected to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, becoming the nation’s first black woman to serve as a state legislator.

Nov. 9

1731Benjamin Banneker, inventor, mathematician and one of the planners of what is now Washington, D.C., is born in Baltimore County, Maryland.
1868 – The first classes begin at the Howard University College of Medicine.
1922Dorothy Dandridge, famed actress, singer and dancer, is born in Cleveland.

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