A stamp printed in the United States in 1940 shows educator Booker T. Washington. /Photo iStock
A stamp printed in the United States in 1940 shows educator Booker T. Washington. /Photo iStock

Nov. 10

1891 – Inventor Granville T. Woods patents electric railway system.
1957 – Black golfer Charlie Sifford wins the Long Beach Open, becoming the first African-American to win a major professional golf tournament.
1960 – Journalist Andrew Hatcher is named associate press secretary to President John F. Kennedy, becoming the first black press secretary.


Nov. 11

1831 Nat Turner, an enslaved African-American who led a deadly rebellion of slaves and free blacks in Southampton County, Virginia, is executed by hanging.
1890 – Inventor Daniel McCree patents the portable fire escape.


Nov. 12

1770 York, an African-American slave best known for his participation with the Lewis and Clark Expedition, is born in Caroline County, Virginia.
1941 – Opera singer Mary Cardwell founds the National Negro Opera Company, the first African-American opera company in the United States.
1977Ernest N. “Dutch” Morial becomes the first black mayor of New Orleans.


Nov. 13

1894 – Inventor Albert C. Richardson patents the casket-lowering device.
1913 Daniel Hale Williams becomes the first black to be made a fellow of the American College of Surgeons.
1951 – Famed ballerina Janet Collins becomes the first black dancer to appear with the Metropolitan Opera Company in New York.
1985 – Major League Baseball pitcher Dwight “Doc” Gooden unanimously wins the Cy Young Award, becoming at 20 the youngest-ever winner of the award.


Nov. 14

1915Booker T. Washington, a former slave who became a celebrated educator, author, orator and civil rights leader, dies in Tuskegee, Alabama, of hypertension at 59.


Nov. 15

1881 – Inventor Payton Johnson patents swinging chair.
1898 – Hairdresser and inventor Lyda Newman patents an improved hairbrush, which was easier to clean.
1950 – Hockey player Arthur Dorrington becomes the first black to sign an NHL contract, joining the New York Rangers organization.


Nov. 16

1873 – Composer and musician W.C. Handy, known as the “Father of the Blues,” is born in Florence, Alabama.
1901 – Pioneering musician and songwriter Jesse Stone aka Charles Calhoun, who wrote the rock ‘n’ roll staple “Shake, Rattle and Roll,” is born in Atchison, Kansas.
1930 – Famed novelist and professor Chinua Achebe, author of “Things Fall Apart,” is born in Ogidi, Nigeria.
2004 – President Bush announces his nomination of Condoleezza Rice as secretary of state. She is the first black woman to serve in the position.

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