In her book “Hidden Figures,” author Margot Lee Shetterly pays homage to the African-American women who worked as human computers in the space program.
It’s a book that’s spawned an Academy Award-nominated movie and has brought to the fore the accomplishments of Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughan and Mary Jackson — the brilliant black women who worked at NASA serving as the brains behind the moon launch of astronaut John Glenn, which proved to be one of the greatest operations in history.
Inside the book, Shetterly also pays homage to where she first got the notion to write such a historical masterpiece.
“In the first week of May 1942, the Norfolk Journal and Guide published an article that would … be like a signpost for the road not taken,” Shetterly said.
She even recalled the headline that accompanied the piece in one of the nation’s oldest African-American-owned newspapers: “Paving the Way for Women Engineers.” An accompanying photo revealed 11 immaculately dressed black women in front of Hampton Institute’s Bemis Laboratory, graduates of Engineering for Women, a war training class.
“The Journal and Guide and the Pittsburgh Courier, two of the granddaddies of the Black Press, are mentioned prominently inside the hard cover copies of the book with a picture that dates back to the 1940s,” said Brenda Andrews, president, publisher and owner of The New Journal and Guide.
The newspaper started in 1900 and by the time of World War II, the Journal and Guide by many accounts was the largest black employer in the South.
Its circulation topped 100,000 and Andrews said the newspaper joined others such as the Chicago Defender, the Baltimore Afro-American and the Pittsburgh Courier in taking the lead in writing about black interests and recording African-American history.
“We were hidden figures ourselves until about the 1960s,” Andrews said of the Black Press in America, which this year celebrates 190 years in operation.
“This story and how the author researched ‘Hidden Figures’ is an example of what the Black Press has been doing since, which is recording black history,” Andrews said.
“When I speak with people, even today in the 21st century, people are curious about the Black Press’ role. We were in the shadows in our community, doing the work, recording information.”
Andrews said the Black Press wasn’t formally recognized for its great journalism, seen mostly as underground activists.
“Even today, we’re not properly recognized for recording that history,” she said. “We were hidden in black areas among black people. It came about that World War II was significant because it was our activism that stories of segregated troops were told.”
During World War II, the Black Press led the call for a “Double V” victory against fascism abroad and against Jim Crow in the United States.
Reportedly, with such a slogan, many historians regarded this campaign as the groundwork for the black revolts that characterized the civil rights movement.
Black newspapers, led by the Journal and Guide, the Defender, the Courier and the Afro, took a conservative effort to channel black militancy into nationalistic ends. They sought government concessions and they looked to create a homogenous American identity that included black citizens to resolve struggles for full citizenship, freedom and racial justice.
During World War II, the Journal and Guide reported regularly on soldiers serving overseas, even sending correspondents into battle to report on heroism that rarely made the pages of the mainstream papers.
Embedded writers and photographers sent back stories of patriotic service including reports from the USS Mason, one of only two U.S. Navy ships with an African-American crew.
“It wasn’t until the 1960s and segregation [reform efforts] and the civil rights that black newspapers came out of hiding,” Andrews said. “But if it had not been for the Black Press in World War II telling our stories, much would have gone unknown. It’s very redeeming that our mission is recognized now.”
With the success of the book and movie for “Hidden Figures,” Andrews believes history will continue to tell the glowing story of the Black Press.
She said the current atmosphere makes it quite difficult to appreciate now, but it’s her hope that in the future, when individuals reflect, they will know that the Black Press did its job and well.
“We’re bought out when a point needs to be made,” Andrews said. “That’s why it’s important to tell our own stories and refuse to let others portray who we are. The Black Press isn’t just about news stories, we’re recording our history as only we can.”