(BBC) – Appeal judges at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague have rejected a request by ex-Ivorian leader Laurent Gbagbo for temporary release on health grounds.
The 70-year-old denies charges of murder, rape, attempted murder and persecution in the wake of disputed presidential polls in 2010.
Some 3,000 people were killed in unrest after he refused to accept defeat.
He was arrested in April 2011 and his trial is due to start on 10 November.
Gbagbo ruled Ivory Coast from 2000 until his arrest by forces loyal to President Alassane Ouattara, backed by UN and French troops. He was transferred to The Hague in November 2011.