The Senate will vote by Jan. 17 on whether the chamber will adopt new rules to circumvent the filibuster to enable voting rights and social justice bills, Majority Leader Chuck Schumer said Monday.
“The Senate was designed to protect the political rights of the minority in the chamber, through the promise of debate and the opportunity to amend. But over the years, those rights have been warped and contorted to obstruct and embarrass the will of the majority – something our Founders explicitly opposed,” Schumer, a New York Democrat, wrote in a letter to his colleagues.
“The constitution specified what measures demanded a supermajority – including impeachment or the ratification of treaties,” he said. “But they explicitly rejected supermajority requirements for legislation, having learned firsthand of such a requirement’s defects under the Articles of Confederation.”
Although the Senate is evenly split with 50 Democrats and 50 Republicans, Schumer’s party controls the majority, with Vice President Kamala Harris positioned to cast any tie-breaking vote.
Still, a significant hurdle remains in the senator’s own party.
Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin has remained steadfast in opposition to any changes to the filibuster, a centuries-old rule rooted in racism.
The West Virginia moderate has shot down a swath of his party’s agenda, making it difficult for President Joe Biden and others to fulfill campaign promises to faithful voters, particularly in the African American community.
Recent history showed that when Republicans controlled the Senate, they bent tradition and rules to push through the party’s agenda, including two controversial Supreme Court nominations.
With GOP-led voter suppression laws in states across the country and the continued police killings of unarmed African Americans, many have pushed for legislation like the John Lewis Voting Rights Advancement Act and the George Floyd Justice and Policing bill.
Both measures would supersede laws already on the books and make it easier for people of color to vote, and hold law enforcement accountable for their actions.
“The weaponization of rules once meant to short-circuit obstruction have been hijacked to guarantee obstruction,” Schumer said. “We must ask ourselves: if the right to vote is the cornerstone of our democracy, then how can we in good conscience allow for a situation in which the Republican Party can debate and pass voter suppression laws at the State level with only a simple majority vote, but not allow the United States Senate to do the same? We must adapt.
“The Senate must evolve like it has many times before,” he said. “The Senate was designed to evolve and has evolved many times in our history.”